Strength of Material

Mechanics of materials, deals with the behavior of solid objects subject to stresses and strains. The complete theory began with the consideration of the behavior of one and two dimensional members of structures, whose states of stress can be approximated as two dimensional, and was then generalized to three dimensions to develop a more complete theory of the elastic and plastic behavior of materials. An important founding pioneer in mechanics of materials was Stephen Timoshenko. The study of strength of materials often refers to various methods of calculating the stresses and strains in structural members, such as beams, columns, and shafts. The methods employed to predict the response of a structure under loading and its susceptibility to various failure modes takes into account the properties of the materials such as its yield strength, ultimate strength, Young’s modulus, and Poisson’s ratio

Goods and items of our common use, whether household, or workplace-related use a vast variety of materials depending on matching of physical and chemical properties. Designers study material properties to define specific materials or alloys to be used for particular applications.

The most commonly used materials to make usable products, are metals, plastics, rubbers (polymers), textiles, glass, and composites (advanced materials). The properties considered include load bearing ability or physical strength (compression, tension, flexural), drawability, ductility, elacticity, friction, flammability, etc.

HEICO manufacturers a range of testing equipment to measure strength of such materials. These include, tensile and universal testing machines (Electromechanical and hydraulic servo type), torsion testing, fatigue testing, impact testing and spring testing machines.

Strength testing equipment are generally destructive type.

HEICO equipment are made to conform to major international and national standards like ASTM, ISO, EN, DIN, and BIS