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Universal Testing Machine

What Is an Electronic Universal Testing Machine? Exploring Types and Benefits

‘Universal’ usually refers to something so adaptable that it can be employed in any situation. This flexibility implies that the machines may be quickly adapted to meet the specific needs of your business in terms of testing. The Universal Testing Machine allows you to customize any aspect of your testing, from the maximum force to the size of the testing area and the kinds of accessories you need. These test apparatuses are adaptable to serve a wide variety of functions. The UTM is flexible to your evolving testing requirements. 

A universal testing machine (UTM) is necessary for determining a material’s response to tensile, compressive, and transverse stresses. The machine’s ability to perform various tests on numerous substrates inspired the moniker “universal testing machine.” The Universal Testing Machine (UTM) allows users to perform multiple tests, such as the peel test, flexural test, tension test, bend test, friction test, spring test, and many others.

What is an Electronic Universal Testing Machine? 

Universal Testing Machines

An Electronic Universal Testing Machine (UTM) is a type of testing machine used to detect the mechanical properties of a material by subjecting a sample to a tensile, compressive, and transverse stress. Changing the grips and fasteners on an Electronic Universal Testing Machine allows it to perform various tests. This apparatus can test different materials, including metals, concrete, rubber, and textiles.

The servo motor drives the loading mechanism of the electronic universal testing machine via the control system. The machine comprises the base, reduction drive system, ball screw, fixed beam, moving beam, force sensor, fixture (removable and interchangeable), measurement and control system, test software, and other components. The primary machine has a small footprint because of its compact design, and it is shorter in height compared to the hydraulic universal testing machine when both are used in the same laboratory.

Types of UTM Equipment

utm equipment machine

  • Single-column UTM machines

These devices are often employed on a tabletop, and their loading capacities range from a few grams to about 500 kilograms. Most column machines today are driven by electricity and operated by a small servo-electric motor.

  • Double-column UTM machines 

The distinctive design of a dual-column UTM machine has earned it the nickname “H frame.” The first universal testing machines were based on the H frame architecture since it is so robust. These machines can accommodate loads from 500 kilograms to far over 100,000 kilograms. 

The propulsion system of double-column UTMs can be either electrical or servo-hydraulic. A hydraulic universal testing machine is frequently the ideal tool for conducting severe studies on structural materials in production environments. Electro-mechanical machines are well suited for usage in R&D environments due to their speed and stroke length adaptability. 

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The Benefits of an Electronic Universal Testing Machine

Electronic Universal Testing Machine

An Electronic Universal Testing Machine (UTM) is a valuable investment since it can evaluate the quality of nearly any type of material. A material can be stressed to its breaking point via pull, compression, bend, or stretch with the use of an Electronic Universal Testing Machine. The primary users are laboratories that produce or mold various polymers.

An E-UTD has one or two vertical columns on a flat base. During stress testing, attachments hold samples in place on a second horizontal plate, which slides up and down to simulate tension. Most research facilities choose for dual vertical column machines because of their greater capacity to process heavier and larger samples.

Electronic universal testing machines are typically used to measure tensile strength. A sample is held at one end while the other is dragged away to accomplish this. This is repeated until the model is torn in two. Flexural strength testing is carried out in the same way. Other than that, the machine pushes on the end of the sample instead of pulling on it. Some substances are malleable enough to avoid cracking and hence have no conclusive outcomes.

Shear and compression testing are additional capabilities of electronic universal testing machines. A shear test involves repeatedly slicing through a sample of material at a predetermined rate using a metal blade. The purpose of a compression tester is to exert enough force between two plates to cause the model to deform or break. This is a standard method for evaluating the resilience of plastic foam and the ease with which plastic bottles twist. Digital controls and software in today’s Electronic Universal Testing Machine make the specific recorder, formerly employed to log test information designed to be read and interpreted by a professional, unnecessary.

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Conclusion

The Electronic Universal Testing Machine is another name for the universal testing machine. Any material that may be subjected to tensile, compressive, bending, shear, tearing, or peeling forces can be tested on universal testing equipment. It can be used to evaluate various materials’ mechanical and physical properties, including plastic plates, pipes, profiles, films, rubber, cables, steel, glass fiber, and more. To sum up, a universal testing machine is essential for various applications, including product design, research and development, education, quality assurance, and more.